Social Media Politics

Social media use in politics refers to the use of online social media platforms in political processes and activities. Social media platforms encompass websites such as FacebookYouTube, WeChat, Instagram, QQ, QZone, Weibo, Twitter, Tumblr, Reddit, Baidu Tieba, LinkedIn, LINE, Snapchat, Pinterest, Viber, and VK.

Political processes and activities include all activities that pertain to the governance of a country or area. This includes political organizationglobal politicspolitical corruptionpolitical parties, and political values.

The internet has created channels of communication that play a key role in circulating news, and social media has the power to change not just the message, but the dynamics of political corruption, values, and the dynamics of conflict in politics. Using social media in election processes, global conflict, and extreme politics, diplomacy both in the United States and around the world has become less private and susceptive to the public perception.

The study shows that for those who discussed the election on Twitter, the role of the web in this regard is significantly stronger than that of the mass media. Twitter attracts a very peculiar subset of citizens, who differ from the population writ large in terms of demographic characteristics. Engaging with politics through the web is conducive to greater face-to-face involvement and the propagation of digitally acquired information through interpersonal interaction and these effects seem to occur regardless of the individual’s social and demographic characteristics. The findings suggest the possibility that as more begin to use social media to discuss politics; we will begin to see even more offline discussion of politics.

When we look into global Politics, statistics show that Egyptians used Facebook, Twitter, and Youtube to communicate and organize demonstrations and rallies to overthrow President Hosni Mubarak. Statistics show that during this time the rate of Tweets from Egypt increased from 2,300 to 230,000 per day and the top 23 protest videos had approximately 5.5 million views. 

The 2016 United States Presidential Election was an example in which social media was used by the state actor Russia to influence public opinion. Tactics such as propaganda, trolling, and bots were used to leak fake news stories that included an "FBI agent had been killed after leaking Clinton's emails" and "pope Francis had endorsed Donald Trump." Studies have found that pro-Trump news was as many as four-time more than pro-Clinton fake news and a third of the pro-Trump tweets were generated by bots. 

Conclusion :
The extent of social media use for political activities influences political efficacy, political knowledge, and political participation, the results suggest that what happens online does not stay online, but rather moves offline and affects citizens' face-to-face conversations. To the extent that this is true, the political demands that are articulated through social media will become harder to ignore for anyone who is interested or involved in the political process, including those who are inclined to study it, If you have any thoughts, then please leave them in the comments below!

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